The careful organization of a transaction activity so that it happens in a successful and effective manner
A glimpse at
The Incoterms or International Commercial Terms are a series of pre-defined commercial
terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) relating to
Full Container Load (FCL), as the name implies, is the standard form of shipping freight for those who have a large amount of goods to send.
The FCL definition seems to imply that you have to fill the container totally, but in fact, this is not the case – you are renting its exclusive use but if you cannot use every square meter it may still be the cheapest method.
You have to calculate, versus the option of LCL Shipping (Less than Container Load), whether FCL transport is the more cost-efficient. As a rough rule of thumb, if you have 12 pallets or more, FCL freight is likely to be the better solution.
Other advantages are that you have less risk from other peoples’ cargo, and there is no bumping from the LCL consolidation/deconsolidation process. If you have fragile goods this can be a deciding factor in favor of FCL Shipping.
The bulk of shipments are commercial goods, and the system of moving standardized, stack-able steel boxes around the world has flourished thanks to the creation of International ISO standards.
These ‘inter-modal’ bulk containers can be conveyed by :
Semi-trailers pulled by trucks
The most popular sizes are:
20 foot: 20’ long x 8’ wide x 8 ½’ high external (c. 6.1m x 2.4m x 2.6m)
40 foot: 40’ long x 8’ wide x 8 ½’ high external (c. 12.2m x 2.4m x 2.6m)
Increasingly used by bulk shippers is the Hi-Cube 40 foot, which has a 9 ½’ height.
There are also refrigerated containers, which can be broader at 2.6m width.
In the USA, longer sizes are common, including 45’, 48’ and 53’, the last of which is used for many rail and truck deliveries.
Other specialist types that you may encounter include Flat Rack, Open Top, and ‘heavy tested’ 20’ containers that are suitable for heavy machinery.
The maximum payload mass for a 20’ container is approx. 22 tonnes: and for 40’, approx. 27 tonnes.
As with most shipping, you have options. These can be summarized as –
Door to Door
Door to Port
Port to Door
Port to Port
The choice will depend on cost, your level of preparedness for loading the shipment, and the arrangements you have with your consignee at the other end.
Modern Full Container Load transport is usually fully computerized and able to provide transparency so that your freight forwarder will be able to track and trace the progress of the consignment.
The forwarder will take care of paperwork for you as required by the type of service chosen: including the Bill of Lading (BoL), advice to the receiving port, and customs clearance.
Maximum Load in European Countries
As far as the Maximum Gross Weight is concerned, according to the Directive 96/53/EC the numbers are presented in the table below for selected European countries:
Determine the qualifications for your
When it comes to pallet material, there are two chief options at your disposal: Plastic Pallets and Wooden Pallets.
Wooding packing restrictions in international shipping, also known as ISPM 15 rules, apply to shipping of international ocean freight.
International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM 15) is an International Phytosanitary Measure developed by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) that directly addresses the need to treat wood materials of a thickness greater than 6mm, used to ship products between countries. Its main purpose is to prevent the international transport and spread of disease and insects that could negatively affect plants or ecosystems.
The treatment code : [HT] = Heat treatment / [MB] = Methyl Bromide / [DB] = Debarked / [KD] = Kiln Dried.
ISPM 15 stipulates the treatments and protocols necessary to reduce the risk of the introduction and spread of invasive quarantine pests that results from the usage of WPM for shipping items across the globe.
Locate now the easy way your container
Trace your container by container number
Trace shipment by Bill of Lading, Container number or Booking number.
Click here to add your own text